The European Basketball Championship (a.k.a. Eurobasket) is the main tournament for national squads in Europe. This event takes place every two years as a final stage in a single city (although the qualifying games are usually held in several other cities of the same country). Eurobasket dates back to 1935, when FIBA decided to create this competition as a test tournament prior to the Olympic Games of Berlin in 1936, in which basketball was first included as an olympic sport.
Throughout the history of Eurobasket, the former Soviet Union (present Russia) are the indisputable kings, and this domain was mostly shown during the 60s, when the Soviet team won every single edition. Only Yugoslavia follows them at close range in number of victories.
Although the competition format of Eurobasket has undergone many changes throughout its history (allowing for a variable number of teams), in recent editions a definite system has been established: After a Pan-European preliminary tournament, 16 national teams qualify for the final stage. They are divided in four groups of four teams each, and further knock-out rounds lead to the final.
• Official FIBA scores and statistics extended and corrected with multilingual edition. All the names of players, referees, courts, and cities are written in their original spelling (or a standard transcription into Latin characters, in the case of other alphabets). This is the reason why some names may slightly differ in form with respect to other unstandardized information sources.